At Wink, we believe one of the most important aspects of maintaining proper eye health is being well-informed about your eyes. Not only will it help you feel more confident when in the doctor’s office, but can give you ideas about questions or concerns that you may have about your eyes. We’ve curated the following section to give our patients a brief description about the most common eye conditions. If you have any questions about the condition of your own eyes, we encourage you to contact us and set an appointment with our Doc.


Amblyopia or Lazy Eye

Amblyopia is the medical term used when the vision in one eye is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used as it should because the brain is favoring the other eye. This condition is also sometimes called lazy eye.
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BlephEx Treatment for Dry Eyes

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A cataract is a cloudiness or opacity in the normally transparent crystalline lens of the eye. This cloudiness can cause a decrease in vision and may lead to eventual blindness.
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Contact Lenses

We carry a variety of contact lenses for different visual needs. We use special equipment that helps us fit even the most difficult prescriptions. More information on the history of contact lenses can be found at

Diabetes/Diabetic Retinopathy

A common complication of diabetes affects the blood vessels in the retina (the thin light-sensitive membrane that covers the back of the eye). If untreated, it may lead to blindness. If diagnosed and treated promptly, blindness is usually preventable. To read more visit

Dry Eyes

Dry eye disease is a multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface that results in discomfort, visual disturbance and tear film instability with potential damage to the ocular surface.  Two kinds of dry eye include aqueous deficiency and evaporative dry eye. The symptoms of dry eye disease may include stinging and burning of the eye, sandy and gritty feeling as if there’s something in the eye and episodes of excessive tearing. To read more visit


Small specks or clouds moving in your field of vision are called floaters. You may see them more clearly when looking at a plain background, such as a blank wall. Floaters are actually tiny clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous, the clear jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye. Floaters can have different shapes, such as little dots, circles, lines clouds or cobwebs.

While these objects look like they are in front of your eye, they are actually floating inside. What you see are the shadows they cast on the retina, the nerve layer at the back of the eye that senses light and allows you to see.
When people reach middle age, the vitreous gel may start to thicken or shrink, forming clumps or strands inside the eye. Floaters often occur when the vitreous gel pulls away from the back wall of the eye, causing a posterior vitreous detachment. In some cases the retina can tear if the shrinking vitreous gel pulls away from the wall of the eye. A torn retina is always a serious problem, since it can lead to a retinal detachment.

The appearance of floaters may be alarming, especially if they develop suddenly. You should see an ophthalmologist right away if you suddenly develop new floaters, even more so if you are over the age of 45.


When the vitreous gel inside your eye rubs or pulls on the retina, you may see what look like flashing lights or lightning streaks. You may have experienced this same sensation if you have ever been hit in the eye and seen “stars.” The flashes of light can appear off and on for several weeks or even months. As we grow older, it is more common to experience flashes. If you notice the sudden appearance of light flashes, you should visit your ophthalmologist immediately because it could mean that the retina has been torn. To read more visit:


A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eyes rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the eye. If untreated, it may damage the optic nerve and other parts of the eye, causing the loss of vision or even blindness.

The elderly, African-Americans, and people with family histories of the disease are at the greatest risk. There are no symptoms in the early stage of glaucoma. Glaucoma is often called “the sneak thief of sight.” Often, by the time the patient notices vision loss, glaucoma can only be halted, not reversed.

There are several different types of glaucoma, including open-angle glaucoma and acute angle-closure glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is the common adult-onset type of glaucoma. Acute angle-closure glaucoma is a less common form of glaucoma but one that can rapidly impair vision.

The treatment of glaucoma may include medication, surgery, or laser surgery. Eye drops or pills alone can usually control glaucoma, although they cannot cure it. Some drugs are designed to reduce pressure by slowing the flow of fluid into the eye, while others help to improve fluid drainage. Surgery to help fluid escape from the eye was once extensively used, but except for laser surgery, it is now reserved for the most difficult cases. In laser surgery for glaucoma, a laser beam of light is focused on the part of the anterior chamber where the fluid leaves the eye. This results in a series of small changes, making it easier for fluid to exit. Over time, the effect of laser surgery may wear off. To read more about glaucoma visit

High Blood Pressure/Hypertensive Retinopathy

Hypertensive retinopathy is damage to the retina caused by high blood pressure. The high blood pressure can cause damage to blood vessels in the eyes which can lead to loss of vision. The higher the blood pressure and the longer it has been high, the more severe the damage is likely to be.

Your healthcare provider can see narrowing of blood vessels, and excess fluid oozing from blood vessels, with an instrument called an ophthalmoscope. The degree of retinal damage (retinopathy) is graded on a scale of I to IV.
At grade I, no symptoms may be present. Grade IV hypertensive retinopathy includes swelling of the optic nerve and of the visual center of the retina (macula). Such swelling can cause decreased vision.
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Keratoconus is a disease characterized by the thinning and protrusion of the cornea, resulting in an irregular, conical shape. Irregular astigmatism occurs as the condition progresses, and results in blurred vision which can be impossible to correct with spectacles. Usually the disease occurs in both eyes, and involves the central cornea with the apex of the cone just below the visual axis.
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An eye surgery used to help correct near and farsighted vision.
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Lazy eye/Strabismus

Strabismus is the condition where the eyes are misaligned. Different types of strabismus include crossed eyes (esotropia, the most common type in children), out-turned eyes (exotropia), or vertical misalignment (hyper or hypotropia). The problem may be present intermittently or constantly. Treatment options depend upon the type of strabismus, and may include glasses, prism lenses, and/or surgery. To read more visit

Macular Degeneration

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative eye disease that causes damage to the macula (central retina) of the eye. AMD is the leading cause of vision loss in our senior population. Macular Degeneration impairs central vision. People who are affected by Age-Related Macular Degeneration have problems reading, driving, and performing activities that require clear central vision. There are two stages of Macular Degeneration: the more common Dry Stage and the Wet Stage.

The Dry Stage: This is the more common form. In this type of macular degeneration, the delicate tissues of the macula become thinned and slowly lose function.

The Wet Stage: This is less common, but is typically more damaging. The wet type of macular degeneration is caused by the growth of abnormal blood vessels behind the macula. The abnormal blood vessels tend to hemorrhage or leak, resulting in the formation of scar tissue if left untreated. In some instances, the dry stage of macular degeneration can turn into the wet stage.

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This is a vision condition in which the crystalline lens of your eye loses its flexibility, which makes it difficult for you to focus on close objects. Presbyopia may seem to occur suddenly, but the actual loss of flexibility takes place over a number of years. This condition usually becomes noticeable in an individual’s early to mid-40s and is a natural part of the aging process of the eye. It is not a disease, and it cannot be prevented.

Some signs of presbyopia include the tendency to hold reading materials at arm’s length, blurred vision at normal reading distance and eye fatigue along with headaches when doing close work. A comprehensive optometric examination will include testing for presbyopia.

To help you compensate for presbyopia, your optometrist can prescribe reading glasses, bifocals, trifocals or contact lenses. Because presbyopia can complicate other common vision conditions like nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism, your optometrist will determine the specific lenses to allow you to see clearly and comfortably. You may only need to wear your glasses for close work like reading, but you may find that wearing them all the time is more convenient and beneficial for your vision needs.

Because the effects of presbyopia continue to change the ability of the crystalline lens to focus properly, periodic changes in your eyewear may be necessary to maintain clear and comfortable vision.
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Retinal Detachment

A retinal detachment occurs when the retina is pulled away from its normal position in the back of the eye. The retina sends visual images to the brain through the optic nerve. When detachment occurs, vision is blurred. A detached retina is a very serious problem that almost always causes blindness unless it is treated. Symptoms may include floaters, bright flashes of light usually seen off to the side of your vision or sometimes even a veil effect over your vision. If you have any of these symptoms call your eye doctor right away!
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